Culinary art is the art of cooking. The word "culinary" is defined as something related to, or connected with, cooking or kitchens. A culinarian is a person working in the culinary arts. A culinarian working in restaurants is commonly known as a cook or a chef. Culinary artists are responsible for skillfully preparing meals that are as pleasing to the palate as to the eye. Increasingly they are required to have a knowledge of the science of food and an understanding of diet and nutrition. They work primarily in restaurants, fast food chain store franchises, delicatessens, hospitals and other institutions. Kitchen conditions vary depending on the type of business, restaurant, nursing home etc.
Careers in culinary arts
There are a wide variety of opportunities in the culinary arts profession. Below is a non-exhaustive list at some opportunities available to those interested in working as culinary professionals.
- Chefs and cooks - Work directly with the preparation at food for service in various establishments including full-service restaurants, catering facilities, institutional dining, corporate dining, and various other venues.
- Dining Room Service-The profession of managing a restaurant. Associate, bachelor, and graduate degree programs are offered in restaurant management by community colleges, junior colleges, and some universities in the United States.
- Food and Beverage Managers - Manage all food and beverage outlets in hotels and other large establishments
- Food and Beverage Controllers - Purchase and source ingredients in large hotels as well as manage the stores and stock control.
- Consultants and Design Specialists - Works with restaurant owners in development of menus, layout and design of dining room and establishing cosina protocols.
- Salespeople - Introduce chefs and business owners to new products and are able to demonstrate the proper use at equipment. They may sell any range at products needed in the industry from various food products to equipment.
- Teachers - teach others how to pursue goals in culinary arts.
- Food Writers and Food Critics - Establish a public contact with the public on food trends, chefs and restaurants. Many write for newspapers, magazines and some publish books. Notables in this field include Julia Child, Craig Claiborne and James Beard.
- Food Stylists and Photographers - Work with magazines, books, catalogs and promotional and advertising to make them visually appealing.
- Research and Development Kitchens - Develop new products for commercial manufacturers, they can also be test kitchens for publications or others can be kitchens for restaurant chains or grocery chains.
- Entrepreneurship. Many culinarians develop their own business with examples including restaurants, bakeries, specialty food manufacture (chocolates, cheese etc).
The occupation outlook for chefs, restaurant managers, dieticians, and nutritionists is fairly good, with "as fast as the average" growth. Increasingly a college education with formal qualifications is required for success in this field. It has been recorded that 54% of all Culinary art professionals are female.
Culinary colleges around the world
- International Culinary School at The Art Institutes (41 locations in North America)
- United States of America:
- Cypress Community College Hotel, Restaurant Management, & Culinary Arts Program in Anaheim
- California School of Culinary Arts, Pasadena, California
- California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California
- Sullivan University Louisville, Kentucky
- California State University Hospitality Management Education Initiative
- Cooking and Hospitality Institute of Chicago
- Classic Cooking Academy, Scottsdale, Arizona
- Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park, NY
- Culinary Institute of America at Grey Stone in St. Helena, California
- Institute for the Culinary Arts at Metropolitan Community College,Omaha, Nebraska
- Johnson and Wales University (RI,FL,NC,CO)
- Kendall College in Chicago, Illinois
- L'Ecole Culinaire in Saint Louis, Missouri and Memphis, Tennessee
- Lincoln College of Technology
- Manchester Community College in Connecticut
- New England Culinary Institute in Vermont
- Orlando Culinary Academy
- Pennsylvania Culinary Institute
- Scottsdale Culinary Institute
- Texas Culinary Academy
- The Culinary Institute of Charleston, South Carolina
- The Restaurant School at Walnut Hill College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
- Coosa Valley Technical College; Rome, GA
- Camosun College, (Victoria, BC)
- George Brown College, (Toronto, ON)
- Le Cordon Bleu Culinary Arts Institute, (Ottawa, ON)
- Liaison College (several Ontario locations, including Barrie, Brampton, Hamilton, Kitchener, Oakville and Toronto)
- Niagara Culinary Institute, Niagara College, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON
- Pacific Institute of Culinary Arts, (Vancouver, BC)
- The Culinary Institute of Canada (Charlottetown, PE)
- NSCC Canada (Nova Scotia)
- Canadore College (North Bay, ON)
- Westminster Kingsway College (London)
- Culinary Arts, Cork Institute of Technology(CIT) Cork, Ireland
- School of Culinary Arts and Food Technology, DIT, Dublin, Ireland
- Scuola di Arte Culinaria Cordon Bleu, Florence, Italy
- Apicius International School of Hospitality, Florence, Italy
- École hôtelière de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
- DCT University Center, Vitznau, Switzerland
- Institut Paul Bocuse, Ecully, France
- Le Cordon Bleu, Paris, France
- École des trois gourmandes, Paris, France
- Ecole Hôtelière du Périgord, Périgueux, France
- HRC Culinary Academy, Bulgaria
- School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, Africa
Australia and New Zealand:
- North Shore International Academy, Auckland, New Zealand
- International School Of Tourism and Hospitality Management
- Universidad del Este, Puerto Rico, USA
- Academia de Artes Culinarias de Guatemala, Guatemala.
- Hong Kong Culinary Academy, Penasia School of Continuing Education, Hong Kong
- Cilantro Culinary Academy, Malaysia
- School of Hospitality, Tourism & Culinary Arts, KDU College, Malaysia
- Taylor's College, School of Hospitality & Tourism, Malaysia
- Center for Culinary Arts, Manila, Philippines
- Culinary Academy Of India, Hyderabad, India
- MOST InstituteAngeles,Pampanga Philippines
- Sebu Institute of Culinary Arts (SICA), Visayan Federation
- International Centre for Culinary Arts, Dubai (ICCA Dubai)
- Le Cordon Bleu (locations in 20 countries)
List of food companies
- Category:Food companies of Australia
- Maple Leaf Foods
- McCain Foods Limited
- Category:Food companies of China
- Amoy Food
- Category:Food manufacturers of Hong Kong
- C&C Group plc
- Barilla Group
- Ferrero SpA
- Dua Kelinci
- Britannia Industries
- Heritage Foods
- Hindustan Unilever
- Mother Dairy
- Parle Agro
- Toyo Suisan
- Nissin Foods
- Ezaki Glico
- Meiji Seika
- Del Monte Kenya
- Emerson's Brewery
- Griffin's Foods
- McCashins Brewery
- Whitestone cheese
- Wigram Beer
- Mitchell's Fruit Farms Limited
- San Miguel Corporation
- Bee Cheng Hiang
- Yeo Hiap Seng
- Category:Food manufacturers of South Korea
- Gyeonggi Snack Company
- Lotte Confectionery
Trinidad and Tobago
- Flavorite Ice Cream
- Efes Beverage Group
- Tekel Birası
- Premier Foods
- United Biscuits
- Atkins Nutritionals
- Annie's Homegrown
- Appalachian Brewing Company
- Auntie Anne's
- Blackjack Pizza
- Boston Market
- ConAgra Foods
- Campbell Soup Company
- Dean Foods
- Frontier Natural Products Co-op
- General Mills
- Kellogg Company
- Kraft Foods
- Ocean Spray
- Pinnacle Foods
List of brand name soft drinks products
1. Coca-Cola Company
- Appletiser or Appletise
* Coca-Cola Relentless
* Coca-Cola With Orange
* New Coke
* Coca-Cola C2
- Coca-Cola Zero
- Sprite Zero
- Grapetiser
- Peartiser
- Vault (soft drink)
* Vault Red Blitz
- Diet Coke
* Diet Coke with Lime
* Diet Coke Lemon
- Coke Lite
* Wild Strawberry Fanta ((fact}}
* Strawberry Fanta
* Tab Clear
* Coca Cola Black Cherry
2. PepsiCo brands
- Mountain Dew
* Diet Mountain Dew
* Caffeine Free Mountain Dew
* Mountain Dew Code Red
* Mountain Dew Live Wire
* Mountain Dew Baja Blast
* Mountain Dew Revolution (Discontinued)
* Mountain Dew Super Nova (Discontinued)
* Mountain Dew Voltage
* Mountain Dew Pitch Black (Discontinued)
* Mountain Dew Pitch Black II (Discontinued)
* AMP Energy
- Mug Root Beer
* Pepsi Cola
* Pepsi Blue
* Pepsi Max
* Pepsi Jazz Strawberries &Cream
* Pepsi Jazz Black Cherry & Vanilla
- Sierra Mist
3. Cadbury Schweppes
- Dr Pepper
- Canada Dry
* 7-Up Free
* Cherry 7Up
- Dr Pepper Cherry Vanilla
- Jolt Cola
- Mecca Cola
- Panda Cola
- Panda Pops (drinks brand)
- Sport Cola
- Virgin Vanilla Cola
- Cresta (soft drink)
- Corona (soft drink)
- Larkspur (lemonade)
- Monster (energy drink)
* Britvic 55
- Tango (drink)
* Tango Clear
* Tango Ice Blast
- Cariba (drink) : See Lilt ( based on )
- Tropicana Tw!ster Soda
- Ayodhyacola.com : Ginger beer,Root Beer, Cream soda ,Lemonade
Others and unsorted
* Irn Bru
+ Tizer Fruitz
+ Tizer "ItzRed" Colourz
- Carters Refreshing Root Beer
- Dr Brown's
- Peanuts (drink)
- Pocari Sweat
- Oronamin C Drink
- Red Bull
- Schweppes Tonic
* Volvic Splash
* Volvic Revive 
- Highland Spring
* Vittel Raspberry
- Voss (water)
- Monster Ausalt
- Monster Moca
- Big Buzz
- Double D'S
* Tropicana Pure Premium Fibre
* Tropicana Festive Blend
- T and T Jazz Berry Alternative Fruit Mix Drink
- Minute Maid
Squash & Cordials
- Robinsons (drink)
- Robinsons For Milk
- Sunny Delight
Milk (and related)
- Alpro Soya Milk (for now see Alpro)
- Yazoo Chill
- Nestle Ski StopGap 24/7
- Hyper Cow
- Marvel (milk)
- Typhoo (tea)
- Tetley (tea)
- Take One Chocolate Instantly
- Maxwell House
- PG Tips (Unilever)
- Poopeis
Miscellaneous and unsorted
- Tree Top (drinks brand)
- Trendy Pops (drinks brand)
- Unilever Adez
- Unibev Jelly Juice
- Softa - Kenya
- Solo (Australia)/Solo (Norway)
- Cocoa Shot
- Hi-Spot (drinks brand)
- Boo Bee Juice
- Bruce & Clarke
- Sosro (Indonesia)
- R. Whites
List of vegetable oils
Sunflowers are the source of Sunflower oil.
These oils account for a significant fraction of worldwide edible oil production. All are also used as fuel oils.
- Coconut oil, a cooking oil, high in saturated fat, particularly used in baking and cosmetics.
- Corn oil, a common cooking oil with little odor or taste.
- Cottonseed oil, used in manufacturing potato chips and other snack foods.
- Olive oil, used in cooking, cosmetics, soaps, and as a fuel for traditional oil lamps.
- Palm oil, the most widely produced tropical oil. Popular in West African and Brazilian cuisine. Also used to make biofuel.
- Peanut oil (Ground nut oil), a clear oil used for dressing salads and, due to its high smoke point, especially used for frying.
- Rapeseed oil, including Canola oil, one of the most widely used cooking oils.
- Safflower oil, produced for export for over 50 years, first for use in paint industry, now mostly as a cooking oil.
- Sesame oil, cold pressed as light cooking oil, hot pressed for a darker and stronger flavor.
- Soybean oil, produced as a byproduct of processing soy meal.
- Sunflower oil, a common cooking oil, also used to make biodiesel.
Hazelnuts from the Common Hazel, used to make Hazelnut oil.
Nut oils are generally used in cooking, for their flavor. They are also quite costly, because of the difficulty of extracting the oil.
- Almond oil, used as an edible oil, but primarily in the manufacture of pharmaceutical drugs.
- Cashew oil, somewhat comparable to olive oil. May have value for fighting dental cavities.
- Hazelnut oil, mainly used for its flavor. Also used in skin care, because of its slight astringent nature.
- Macadamia oil, strongly flavored, contains no trans fat, and a good balance of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
- Mongongo nut oil (or manketti oil), from the seeds of the Schinziophyton rautanenii, a tree which grows in South Africa. High in vitamin E. Also used in skin care.
- Pecan oil, valued as a food oil, but requiring fresh pecans for good quality oil.
- Pine nut oil usually added to foods as a flavoring agent.
- Pistachio oil, strongly flavored oil, particularly for use in salads.
- Walnut oil, used for its flavor, also used by Renaissance painters in oil paints.
Oils from melon and gourd seeds
Watermelon seed oil, extracted from the seeds of Citrullus vulgaris, is used in cooking in West Africa.
Members of the cucurbitaceae include gourds, melons, pumpkins, and squashes. Seeds from these plants are noted for their oil content, but little information is available on methods of extracting the oil. In most cases, the plants are grown as food, with dietary use of the oils as a byproduct of using the seeds as food.
- Bottle gourd oil, extracted from the seeds of the Lagenaria siceraria, widely grown in tropical regions throughout the world. Used medicinally and as an edible oil.
- Buffalo gourd oil, from the seeds of the Cucurbita foetidissima, a vine with a rank odor, native to southwest North America.
- Pumpkin seed oil, a specialty cooking oil, produced in Austria and Slovenia. Poor tolerance for high temperatures.
- Watermelon seed oil, pressed from the seeds of Citrullus vulgaris. Traditionally used in cooking in West Africa.
A number of oils are used as food supplements, for their nutrient content or medical effect.
- Acai oil, from the fruit of several species of the Açaí Palm (Euterpe). Grown in the Amazon region. Similar to grape seed oil. They are used in cosmetics and as a food supplement.
- Blackcurrant seed oil, used as a food supplement, because of high content of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
- Borage seed oil, similar to blackcurrant seed oil, used primarily medicinally.
- Evening primrose oil, used as a food supplement for its purported medicinal properties.
Other edible oils
Carob seed pods, used to make carob pod oil.
- Amaranth oil, high in squalene and unsaturated fatty acids, used in food and cosmetic industries.
- Apricot oil, similar to, but much cheaper than almond oil, which it resembles. Only obtained from certain cultivars.
- Apple seed oil, used in cosmetics and shampoos. Also used as an edible oil.
- Argan oil, a food oil from Morocco that has also attracted recent attention in Europe.
- Artichoke oil, extracted from the seeds of the Cynara cardunculus. Similar in use and composition to safflower and sunflower oil.
- Avocado oil, a nutty-flavored culinary oil, also used as a base for infusions. Also used in cosmetics. Unusually high smoke point of 510°F.
- Babassu oil, similar to, and used as a substitute for, coconut oil.
- Ben oil, extracted from the seeds of the Moringa oleifera. High in behenic acid. Extremely stable edible oil. Also suitable for biofuel.
- Borneo tallow nut oil, extracted from the fruit of species of genus Shorea. Used as a substitute for cocoa butter, and to make soap, candles, cosmetics and medicines.
- Cape Chestnut oil, otherwise known as Yangu oil, is a popular oil in African skin care.
- Carob pod oil (Algaroba oil), from carob, used medicinally.
- Cassia oil, made from Cinnamon, this spiced oil is used to flavour Easter biscuits
- Cocoa butter, from the cacao plant. Used in the manufacture of chocolate, as well as in some cosmetics.
- Cocklebur oil, from species of genus Xanthium, with similar properties to poppyseed oil, similar in taste and smell to sunflower oil.
- Cohune oil, from the Attalea cohune (cohune palm), similar to coconut oil in makeup and usage
Coriander seeds are the source of an edible pressed oil, Coriander seed oil.
- Coriander seed oil, from coriander seeds, used medicinally. Also used as a flavoring agent in pharmaceutical and food industries.
- Dika oil, from Irvingia gabonensis seeds, native to West Africa. Used to make margarine, soap and pharmaceuticals, where is it being examined as a tablet lubricant. Largely underdeveloped. 
- False flax oil made of the seeds of Camelina sativa, available in Russia as ryjhikovoye maslo (рыжиковое масло). Considered promising as a food or fuel oil.
- Flax seed oil (called linseed oil when used as a drying oil). High in omega 3 and lignans, which can be used medicinally. Easily turns rancid.
- Grape seed oil, suitable for cooking at high temperatures. Also used as a salad oil, and in cosmetics.
- Hemp oil, a high quality food oil.
- Kapok seed oil, used as an edible oil, and in soap production.
- Kenaf Seed oil a fibre plant similar to Hemp.
- Lallemantia oil, from the seeds of Lallemantia iberica, discovered at archaeological sites in northern Greece.
- Marula oil, extracted from the kernel of Sclerocarya birrea. Used in the food and cosmetic industry, it has strong antioxidant and moisturising properties.
- Meadowfoam seed oil, highly stable oil, with over 98% long-chain fatty acids. Competes with rapeseed oil for industrial applications. 
- Mustard oil (pressed), used in India as a cooking oil. Also used as a massage oil.
- Nutmeg butter, extracted by expression from the fruit of cogeners of genus Myristica. Nutmeg butter has a large amount of trimyristin. Nutmeg oil, by contrast, is an essential oil, extracted by steam distillation.
- Okra seed oil (Hibiscus seed oil), from the seed of the Hibiscus esculentus. Composed predominantly of oleic and linoleic acids. The greenish yellow edible oil has a pleasant taste and odor.
- Papaya seed oil.
- Perilla seed oil, high in omega-3 fatty acids. Used as an edible oil, for medicinal purposes, in skin care products and as a drying oil.
- Pequi oil, extracted from the seeds of Caryocar brasiliense. Used in Brazil as a highly prized cooking oil.
- Pine nut oil. An expensive food oil, from pine nuts, used in salads and as a condiment. 
Poppy seeds, used to make poppyseed oil
- Poppyseed oil, used for cooking, moisturizing skin, in paints and varnishes, and in soaps.
- Prune kernel oil, marketed as a gourmet cooking oil.
- Quinoa oil, similar in composition and use to corn oil.
- Ramtil oil, pressed from the seeds of the one of several species of genus Guizotia abyssinica (Niger pea) in India and Ethiopia. Used for both cooking and lighting.
- Rice bran oil, suitable for high temperature cooking. Widely used in Asia.
- Royle oil, pressed from the seeds of Prinsepia utilis, a wild, edible oil shrub that grows in the higher Himalayas. Used medicinally in Nepal.
- Sacha Inchi oil, from the Peruvian Amazon. High in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
- Tea seed oil (Camellia oil), widely used in southern China as a cooking oil. Also used in making soaps, hair oils and a variety of other products.
- Thistle oil, pressed from the seeds of Silybum marianum. Relatively unstable. Also used for skin care products.
- Tigernut oil (or nut-sedge oil) is pressed from the tuber of Cyperus esculentus. It has properties similar to soybean, sunflower and rapeseed oils. It is used in cooking and making soap and has potential as a biodiesel fuel.
- Tomato seed oil. High in unsaturated fats and lysine. Potentially useful as a protein supplement.
- Wheat germ oil, used as a dietary supplement, and for its "grainy" flavor. Also used medicinally. Highly unstable
List of snack foods
- Tea sandwich
- String cheese
- Banana chips/Plantain chips
- Cheese curls
- Cheese puffs
- Corn chips
- Pita chips
- Bagel chips
- Potato chips
- Veggie Chips
- Pork rind
- Snack Mix
- Sunflower Chips
- Tortilla chips
- Straw Crisps
- Sun Chips
- Jaffa cake
- Fairy bread
- Leary Biscuit
- Toaster pastries
- chocolate bars
- chocolate truffles
- Pixy Stix
- candy bars
- jelly beans
- gummy bears
- candy canes
- Mike and Ikes
- Puppy chow
- fairy cakes
- Khanom buang
- Bombay mix/Bhuja
- Chakri noodles
- Cup noodles
- Dried fruit
- Fruit snacks
- Banana boats
- Pistachio nuts
- Pumpkin seeds
- Sunflower seeds
- Corn nuts
- Soy nuts
- Mixed nuts
- Trail mix, gorp, scroggin
- Slurpee / Icee / Slush Puppie
- Root Beer / root beer float
- Red Bull
- chocolate milk
- kool aid
- Beef Jerky
- Energy bars
- French fries
- Ice cream
- Onion rings
- Tuna Snacks
- Sesame sticks
- Rice Krispie treats
- Soused herring
- Çiğ köfte
- Grass jelly
- Kibbe Nayye
- Nian gao
- Sev mamra